By Malvika Kashyap
May 31 2022
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Nelson Mandela was the first President of South Africa to be elected in a fully representational democratic election.
Prior to his presidency, he was a famous anti-apartheid militant and leader of the African National Congress, who spent 27 years in prison for his involvement in clandestine armed resistance.
Nelson Mandela belonged to the cadet line of the Thembu Dynasty, which ruled (in theory) over the Transkeian Territories of the Cape Province Union of South Africa.
Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa (1880-1928), his father, was named chief of Mvezo village. However, after upsetting the colonial authorities, he was demoted and relocated his family to Qunu.
At the age of seven, Rolihlahla Mandela became the first member of his family to attend school, when he was given the name 'Nelson' by a Methodist teacher, after the British naval Horatio Nelson.
When Rolihlahla's father died of TB when he was nine years old, the Regent, Jongintaba, became his guardian. Next close to the Regent's palace, Mandela was attending a Wesleyan mission school.
He was inducted into the Thembu tradition at the age of 16, and he went to Clarkebury Boarding Institute to study about Western culture. He completed his Junior Certificate in two years instead of 3.
He moved to Healdtown, a Wesleyan institution in Fort Beaufort that was attended by most of the Thembu royalty, in 1937, he was scheduled to assume his father's position as a private counsellor
Nelson Mandela was the father of six children, 20 grandchildren, and a rising number of great-grandchildren after three marriages.
Nelson Mandela was a key figure in the ANC's Defiance Movement in 1952 and the People's Congress in 1955. They adopted the Freedom Charter, which laid out the anti-apartheid movement's main programme.
with its apartheid racial segregation policy, following the Afrikaner-dominated National Party's election victory in 1948.
Nelson Mandela was the President of South Africa from 1994 until 1999. He was the first black president of South Africa, as well as the first to be elected in a completely representational election.
Hometown: Mvezo, in the Eastern Cape Height: 1.85 m DOB: 18 July 1918 Death Date: 5 December 2013 Father: Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa
nelson mandela Bio
Nelson Mandela's leadership focused on overturning the country's Apartheid administration, which had used the law to maintain racial segregation.
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